Octopus Intelligence

Octopus Intelligence And Skills

Article overview:

    1. Octopus Intelligence And Skills
    2. Was Aristotle Wrong About Octopussies?
    3. When Did We Really Start To Research Octopus?
    4. How Many Neurons does An Octopus has Compared To A Dog?
    5. Can Octopuses Learn By Observing Each Other?

It may surprise you to learn just how intelligent the Octopus happens to be. They are amazing animals that are able to effectively problem-solve. This has helped them to be able to do very well in their changing environments. They are able to find food and they are able to find shelter in places you would never imagine.

They have the ability to recall both short and long term memories. Experts have seen them successfully master mazes with different levels of difficulty in no time at all. They can also remember locations to find great food and where they should avoid. They are well known for being able to escape when they are in captivity too.

Octopus Showing Its Ability to Camouflage

They are able to determine patterns, to distinguish size, and even to identify colors and shapes. It is really amazing to see how developed and advanced that they are able to be. The specifics of all of it though often depends on the species involved. For example, the Mimic Octopus is able to copy the behaviors of at least 15 other known animals in the water. They do this to offer them protection against various predators in the water. They also do it so they can get close to their own prey without being detected.

There are some limitations that prevent us from being able to fully explore just how developed the Octopus can be. The fact that they have a very short life span means there is always a rush to work with them. Coming up with ways to test their intelligence continues to be something that holds us back as well.

OCTOPUS DEFENSES – Read Or Listen To The Article.

The fact that the Octopus doesn’t do very well in captivity is another issue. They have to be tested and evaluated in their natural setting whenever possible. Yet that can make it very hard to do when you consider the cost involved. You also have to factor in safety elements for the researchers. Watching their backs against various predators in the water is a priority.

Many experts agree that the future is one where the Octopus will definitely be able to continue moving forward. They are able to benefit from their environment and to continually learn. With most animals, they rely upon instinct alone for survival. That isn’t the case here though where they can develop amazing skills in various areas.

Just like humans, individual Octopus is able to demonstrate advanced skills of intelligence over each other. That is very interesting because you usually won’t find that within a species. They are all about the same level of intelligence all the way around. This fuels the theory that they are independent learners though instead of one that is only driven by their instincts.

Anatomy Of The Octopus – Read Or Listen To The Article Click Here.

The fact that young Octopus can struggle to learn how to control their own bodies is also interesting. That is another reason why they can’t rely upon instinct alone. It is through trial and error that they actually learn how to move their bodies in the ways that help them to be successful hunters and survivors.

Finding funding for ongoing testing in the area of Octopus intelligence though is a barrier. Most people don’t find such experimentation to be worthwhile. There are many other animals that they feel are more important to evaluate. You also have animal rights groups that don’t feel these animals should be bothered in such a manner.

If you would like to find out for yourself how intelligent they are, go online and view various videos of them. You will be amazed at some of the things they are able to do. This can be your opportunity though to explore this side of them. For most of us, observing them exhibit high levels of intelligence in their natural setting won’t happen. This is the next best thing!

Check out video number 2. Smart Octopus Escapes out of A closed Jar

Was Aristotle Wrong About Octopussies?

The first known written record referring to octopus habits comes from Aristotle (330 BC) who encountered O. Vulgaris in The Mediterranean Sea and denounced it as “stupid,” since its natural curiosity made it so easy to capture. In the past century or so, O. Vulgaris has been the subject of thousands of research papers on topics including physiology, neurobiology, behavior, embryology, phylogeny, and genetics.

Octopus Senses – Read Or Listen To The Article Click Here.


When Did We Really Start To Research And Learn About The Octopus?

The mid-twentieth century was the heyday of octopus learning and brain research.


Early neuroanatomical experiments demonstrated that the octopus’ ability to acclimate to captivity, its resilience to surgery and its inherent curiosity made it an excellent subject for studying learning and its neural basis. Starting in the late 1940s, J.Z. Young and B.B. Boycott conducted hundreds of ablation experiments, learning tests and histological analyses at the Stazione Zoologica in Naples, Italy. Together with other researchers, including M.J. Wells, N.S. Sutherland, H. Maldonado, and G.D. Sanders, to name just a few, they were able to identify the functions of specific brain lobes and regions, and demonstrate that octopuses possess memory, can make subtle discriminations based on visual or tactile information, and are capable of mastering associative learning tasks, including reversal learning (summarized in Borrelli and Fiorito, 2008; Marini et al., 2017). The neuroanatomical investigations of Young and his colleagues also showed that while the brain of the octopus has the typical invertebrate organization of neuronal cell bodies surrounding neuropil and is molluscan in origin, it is much more centralized than that of any other mollusk and most other invertebrates.

Octopus Predators – Read Or Listen To The Article Click Here.

Based on putative homologies between the gastropod and cephalopod brain, it appears that over the course of evolution, the connections between ganglia in the primitive cephalopod nervous system shortened, causing them to shift in position and come together.

The modern cephalopod brain clusters into three major parts: the sub-esophageal mass, the supraesophageal mass, and the two optic lobes. These are organized around the anterior part of the esophagus and encapsulated within the cartilaginous “skull”. In general, the structures of the supra-esophageal mass seem to play the roles of “higher” motor and sensory centers, integrating information from multiple sources and processing it to produce the appropriate response. By contrast, the sub-esophageal mass contains structures that act as “intermediate” and “lower” sensory and motor centers that integrate raw sensory signals and perform some processing before transferring them onto the “higher” centers (Young, 1991, 1995; Hochner et al., 2006; Edelman and Seth, 2009).

How Many Neurons does An Octopus has Compared To A Dog?

Together, the octopus brain contains over 180 million neurons, with another 320 million or so located throughout the eight arms. Dogs have about the same amount of neurons as an Octopus 500 million.


Early cephalopod research determined that the most important region of the brain for learning is the vertical lobe. The vertical lobe is involved in the “read-in/read-out” of visual and chemo-tactile memory and in modulating the attack response during learning tasks. Interestingly, like the mammalian cortex, the vertical lobe of octopus is characterized by convolutions and folding that reduce the total volume Octopus 3 And the length of connections between neurons while increasing surface area. This feature is absent in squid and cuttlefish. In O. Vulgaris the vertical lobe is characterized by five lobules oriented longitudinally (anterior to posterior) and comprising about 25million nerve cells or more than 60% of the total number of nerve cells comprising the supra-esophageal mass.

Octopus Habitat Read Or Listen To The Article Click Here.

Sensory information from the visual, tactile, chemosensory, and equilibrium systems is processed by a series of neural matrices distributed throughout the lobes of the brain. These lobes integrate the different forms of sensory input and help effect the proper response by either promoting attack or encouraging retreat. Vision seems to be octopuses’ primary source of sensory information, and concomitantly, a great deal of neural tissue is devoted to the eyes (e.g., optic lobes). However, sensory information from multiple sources (e.g., tactile, chemosensory) results in better performance during discrimination and other learning tasks. It is interesting to note, however, that octopuses show deficits in their ability to integrate multi-modal sensory input and a seem to lack full proprioceptive awareness of their body. Unfortunately, there are no simple rules dictating the way an octopus assesses its environment, but it is clear that octopuses can attend to certain aspects of sensory inputs over others (e.g. vertical vs. horizontal extent) and choose which aspects are most relevant based on context (Boycott and Young, 1955; Young, 1961, 1964, 1991; Huffard, 2013).

Octopus Feeding Read Or Listen To The Article Click Here

After the heyday of octopus research between the 1940s and the 1960s, the initial excitement for neuroanatomical experiments with octopus dwindled. However, the past decade has seen something of a Renaissance in octopus research as new methodologies facilitate investigation and as it becomes apparent that these animals have incredible potential to inform a variety of fields, such as technology, robotics, medicine, and evolutionary biology. A number of neuromodulators (e.g., serotonin, dopamine), hormones (e.g., corticosterone) and other compounds (e.g., nitric oxide) have been identified as occurring in and affecting the nervous systems of cephalopods. Recent work has benefitted greatly from the use of modern imaging techniques (e.g. ultrasound, fluorescent microscopy, Micro-CT), molecular quantification (e.g., gene expression) and genomic sequencing (Kerbl et al., 2013;

Liscovitch-Brauer et al., 2017). In particular, the sequencing of the entire genome of Octopus bimaculoides has shed light on the nervous system of the octopus. The SEM and the SUB are each subdivided into several brain lobes (primary lobes are labeled with acronyms). In addition, the distinct layers present within the optic lobes (plexiform layer, medulla) are indicated. Note the relatively small proportion of the SEM belonging to the vertical lobe despite it being the structure containing the greatest number of nerve cells in the entire SEM (see text for details).

The octopus brain constitutes the highest degree of neural centralization among cephalopods and mollusks in general. 

Octopus Evolution of the central nervous system and cognition of this group (Albertin et al., 2015). Other recent work suggests that much of the behavioral and neurobiological flexibility of octopus may be made possible by the unique ability of coleoid cephalopods to modify their own mRNA in order to expand the variety of proteins that can be expressed, thus facilitating physiological and neural plasticity (Liscovitch-Brauer et al., 2017).

In addition to the contribution of new technology, laboratory tests of behavior have become more refined, with experiments that utilize ecologically relevant stimuli and standardized ways of assessing “subjective” characteristics, such as body patterns and exploration. But while laboratory investigation has played a tremendous role in increasing our knowledge about octopus, it can only get us so far. Data from the field, including direct observations of behavior, indirect material evidence (e.g., shell midden contents) and data gathered remotely from cameras and other monitoring devices are just beginning to see widespread use.

Can Octopuses Learn By Observing Each Other?

Yes, they can learn a task simply by watching how another octopus solves an assignment.
This is also called social learning.


Already, this work is challenging traditional beliefs about the octopus. For instance, octopuses were once thought to shun contact with other octopuses entirely except while mating and were therefore considered solitary or asocial. But the discovery of two high-density sites in Australia (O. tetricus), dubbed “Octopolis” and “Octolantis,” shows that octopus sometimes co-exists in locations that are well-endowed with coveted resources like den material or prey. The existence of such instances of high-density co-existence makes sense because octopuses can learn by observing each other (known as “social learning”) since such an ability would not be expected to evolve if octopuses were entirely solitary (Fiorito and Scotto, 1992; Scheel et al., 2016). In addition to a general increase in coastal field studies, a steady increase in open-ocean and deep-sea exploration over the past decades has increased the number of known species and forced the realization that the life history and habits (e.g., lifespan, brooding behavior) displayed across this group may be more different than previously thought. Instances of this will likely increase in the next decades since evidence from around the globe suggests that octopuses and other cephalopods are proliferating as a result of climate change (Doubleday et al., 2016). In a more general sense, scientists and philosophers alike have come to realize that octopuses and their coleoid relatives are interesting points of reference with which to compare other animal groups. Despite having diverged from vertebrates over 500 million years ago, coleoids convergently evolved several analogous structures (e.g., a camera eye, a statocyst equilibrium system) and abilities (e.g., long term memory, associative learning) that were once thought to be exclusive to vertebrates.

Octopus Reproduction Read Or Listen To The Article Click Here.

Can an Octopus use a tool?

Behaviorally, there is also evidence that octopuses use tools, solve “puzzles,” learn from observing conspecifics, play with objects in their environment, and demonstrate consistent long-term personalities. Anatomically, cephalopods exhibit a higher brain-to-body weight ratio than fish and reptiles, almost equal to that of birds and mammals.

There are also structural convergences on a more fundamental level, such as the existence of activity-dependent long-term potentiation (LTP, a cellular analog of plasticity involved in learning and memory) and the formation of analogous processing networks (e.g., “fan-out/fan-in”).

The existence of cognitive and behavioral sophistication in such a distantly-related group of “primitive” invertebrate mollusks has also forced a reconsideration of the assumption that only mammals and birds can exhibit intelligence and suggests that it may have evolved independently multiple times and in various lineages. In addition to the evolutionary convergence between vertebrates and cephalopods, there are also some instructive differences. Octopuses sometimes accomplish the same feats as vertebrates via alternative mechanisms, demonstrating that the pattern evolved in vertebrates is not the only evolutionary “solution” to a particular challenge. For instance, unlike mammals and other vertebrates, which have a somatotopic relationship (point-for-point correspondence) between locations on the body and the somatosensory cortex of the brain (the “homunculus”), octopuses seem to lack any such arrangement, indicating a fundamentally different underlying neural organization (Zullo et al., 2009). However, some recent behavioral and neuroscience studies offer potential challenges to this view.

The Octopus – Amazing Features  – Read Or Listen To The Article Click Here
Three hearts, a massive brain, and blue blood, they navigate unlike anything else. The earliest octopus fossil is Pohlsepia, which swam the oceans 296 million years ago.

More Research Is Required

In order to know if octopuses possess somatotopic maps in the central nervous system and to understand the extent of their proprioception (Tytell, 2010). Finally, unlike mammals and birds, essential skills and information are learned a new by each generation, as there is no parental care of the young, and thus no opportunity to pass knowledge and learned over the course of a lifetime from one generation to the

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Octopus Predators

Octopus and Types of Predators

There are quite a few different types of predators out there that find Octopus to be the perfect meal. The location of the Octopus will affect the types of predators it has to contend with. The species of Octopus also affect it due to the different sizes of these animals.

Some of the most common predators include large fish, birds, and some types of whales. In some areas they have to worry about eels and dolphins. It seems that when the normal food sources for these types of animals are hard to find they will become more dependent upon the Octopus. With the reduction in the number of sharks and dolphins remaining those predators have become less of a problem for the Octopus.

Octopus Intelligence – Read Or Listen To The Article Click Here

More than 2/3 of all the offspring will become food within the first couple of weeks of their young lives. They are living at the surface of the water and that makes them extremely vulnerable. While more than 200,000 young can be hatched, a single predator can consume hundreds or thousands of them in a matter of minutes. The low survival rate is why there is so many young borns.

The larger Octopus will put up quite a fight for their survival with these types of predators. That is why they will often be left alone unless there is really nothing else for these predators to consume. They don’t want to risk being in a confrontation with an Octopus. They can bite too which can release a powerful venom from their bodies. In fact, that is what they release to be able to consume their own prey.

The Octopus is one creature with an instinct to run when they feel they are in danger. They have a body that is able to fit into small spaces which makes it easier for them to hide when they need to. They can often get away from a predator by moving very quickly into one of these small areas. The predator generally won’t sit around and wait for them to come back out. Instead, they will continue on their way trying to find other sources of food that are easier for them to grab.

Blue-Ringed Octopus – Read Or Listen To The Article Click Here.

The fact that they can release ink from their bodies is their other line of defense. This ink gives them time to get away from predators while they are trying to re-orient themselves. They have a gland that created ink and then they can release it instinctively when they feel stress. Sometimes predators can get too close though before they are able to release the ink and then it doesn’t protect them.

They also have the unique ability to change their body colors for camouflage, very similar to what the Chameleon can do. With this process, they can go a step further by mimicking other animals in the water. They may try to act like an Eel, Lion Fish, or Sea Snake. It can be very comical to see them behave in such a fashion. Yet doing so has worked wonders for them in the water. It has allowed them to be left alone instead of a predator trying to eat them.

Even with all of these efforts though, there are plenty of times when the Octopus is just too slow for them to survive. They also don’t have the ability to hear so if they aren’t seeing a predator come their way it can be over before they know it. There has been plenty of observing the Octopus in their natural setting to see the balance of things and how predators are able to take control of them in a matter of seconds.

The Octopus – Amazing Features  – Read Or Listen To The Article Click Here
Three hearts, a massive brain, and blue blood, they navigate unlike anything else. The earliest octopus fossil is Pohlsepia, which swam the oceans 296 million years ago.

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Octopus Reproduction

Octopus Breeding

Depending on the species of Octopus, mating can occur from a couple of months of age or when they are several years old. Depending on the type of species there may be some courting and ritual going on before the actual mating occurs. With most of the species though it is more a matter of convenience than anything else. They do develop an instinctive urge to mate as the age of maturity arrives.

Why is The Octopus Love life A Tragedy?

Octopus mating is a one-time thing for just about all of the species. The males often die within a couple of months just after they finally have found a mate. The females often die shortly after they are able to lay their eggs. This is a very peculiar pattern of life and death for these creatures that researchers continue to look into.

SEVEN-ARM OCTOPUS  – Read Or Listen To The Article Click Here

How Is The Mating Process?

The process of mating is very unusual as the males use one of their arms to place a sack of sperm into the body cavity of the female. The sperm sac may stay inside of the female for many months before she produces any eggs. The warmth of her body is able to keep it alive. There is a large volume of sperm given to the female due to the high number of eggs that they hatch.

Once the eggs form they will stay within her body for a period of several months. As she is laying them, she will spread some of the sperm over them. The sperm never touches the eggs while they are inside of her body. This process can be one that is very methodical and time-consuming. Even though she may be moving at a fast pace the volume of eggs is what is going to take up her time.

The females don’t eat during the last month before they lay their eggs. When she is ready to lay them she will find a safe spot in the water to hide them. It is possible for her to lay up to 200,000 of them at one time. Keeping these eggs save can be a very difficult job for a female Octopus. She will also have the duty of keeping them clean. This is accomplished by blowing water across them to create bubbles.

Large Octopus Vulgaris

Octopus Intelligence – Read Or Listen To The Article Click Here

How many months will it take the egg to hatch?

It can take from two up to ten months from the time she lays those eggs until they are ready to hatch. The time frame will depend upon the type of species of Octopus you are talking about. She will spend that last month doing all she can to protect these eggs from predators. She will be close to death by the time the young arrive.

They are instinctively able to survive on their own though. They have to stay fairly close to the surface of the water for their first part of life. It takes months before they are able to move to the bottom layers of the ocean floor. More than 2/3 of the young offspring will be consumed within the first weeks of life from various forms of predators. Those that survive will feed on plankton.

To help with the overall survival of the species, these young Octopus do grow very quickly. It is estimated that they grow about 5% of their overall size each day until completely mature. The cycle of life and death is a rapid one for them compared to most other animals out there. As adults death is very rarely going to be due to predators. Instead, it will be due to mating and to the internal time clock they have which says their time as a living creature is up.

The Octopus – Amazing Features  – Read Or Listen To The Article Click Here
Three hearts, a massive brain, and blue blood, they navigate unlike anything else. The earliest octopus fossil is Pohlsepia, which swam the oceans 296 million years ago.

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Octopus Senses

Octopus and their Senses

The Octopus has a very unique body and use of their senses. This all part of what helps them to survive in their environment. The first sense to mention is their vision. They are able to see very well both during the day and at night. They don’t have trouble in the dark waters that are found deep at the oceans floor.

Octopus Intelligence – Read Or Listen To The Article Click Here

Polarized Vision and Pigmentation

They have what is called polarized vision which means that different amounts of light coming in. Many experts believe that they have the ability to actually control the amount of light that comes into them and this is why they can see so well. It is hard to test out that theory though due to finding ways of measuring the lighting that they can see from the inside outward.

Researchers believe that it is their eyesight that actually allows them to have control over their pigmentation. What they see is what helps them to determine what they will blend into. The vision of potential predators will also trigger for them the need to transform themselves to remain undetected.

The arms of the Octopus have suction cups on them that are very tiny. In them are highly sensitive feelers that allow them to touch their environment and to feel sensations from it. The sense of touch they develop from these feelers is amazing. They will feel all around in order to get a good overview of the area they are in. They want to make sure where they settle and where they look for food is safe for them.

Mimic Octopus – Read Or Listen To The Article Click Here

Is The Octopus Picky?

They are able to taste with their suckers as well. This is why they are very picky when it comes to the food sources that they will consume. They have been observed passing up various types of food due to the fact that they remember the taste wasn’t appealing to them. Even when they are very hungry they would often prefer not to eat then to eat something that they won’t like the taste of.

Octopus are able to smell as well due to sensors at the ends of their arms. This is why they are often seen sticking one arm into crevices. They are being able to smell what could be lurking in that area by doing so. The fact that they are very curious animals is also part of the reason why they rely upon their sense of smell so much.

The Octopus – Amazing Features  – Read Or Listen To The Article Click Here
Three hearts, a massive brain, and blue blood, they navigate unlike anything else. The earliest octopus fossil is Pohlsepia, which swam the oceans 296 million years ago.

They are able to smell predators from quite a distance and that gives them the chance to move to safer locations. The abilities of this particular sense though do vary based upon the specific species. Some of them are able to smell much better than others. Since their arms are such a valuable part of their senses, they try to do all they can to protect them. At times though they have to give up one in order to break free from a predator. They do have the ability to grow it back though.

A sense that the Octopus doesn’t rely on is hearing. They don’t have any ability to hear at all which is why they also don’t use vocalization. They have no external body parts or internal mechanisms for hearing. Even though they are deaf they still are able to function very well. They more than make it up with all of the other senses that they have.

The use of senses is very important to the overall survival of the Octopus. The fact that they are also very intelligent allows them to gain even more from their senses. For example, they remember what foods taste good and those that don’t. When they are faced with the smell of certain foods they can already tell if it is something they want to pursue or avoid.

Octopus Intelligence – Read Or Listen To The Article Click Here

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Octopus Anatomy

Octopus Physical Characteristics

Most of us are faOctopus with armsscinated by the overall anatomy of the Octopus. Well known for a very large head and eight arms, it is able to move around the water with speed and grace. As it moves the eight arms move along behind it. When one of the arms is lost due to injury it can grow a replacement in very little time.

Many people are dumbfounded to see an Octopus fit into spaces that seem way too small for their bodies. This is possible due to the fact that they don’t have any skeleton to them. They find these place to hide from predators and to remain undetected in the water.

The head of an Octopus is very large. They have a very hard beak on the mouth which you have to look very carefully at the head to find due to the fact that it blends in so well. Each of the eight arms has small suction cups on the ends of them. If you were to cut the body of an Octopus in half, it would be perfectly symmetrical on both sides.

Octopus Predators – Read Or Listen To The Article Click Here.

How Many Hearts Do The Octopus Have?

Most people don’t know it, but the Octopus has three hearts. They have one that pumps blood through the gills for each side of the body. The third one is responsible for pumping the blood through the rest of the body. You may not notice unless you take a very good look at the body of these creatures that they have gills. This organ helps them with breathing as water is circulated through them.

Octopus Defenses – Read Or Listen To The Article Click Here.

The foods that the Octopus consume go through a very interesting process. They have to be in bite-sized pieces to go through the esophagus. From there they go into the brain and then routed through the digestive tract and into the stomach. The crop is a sac where the food is temporarily stored before it enters that digestive tract. They have a special type of gland in the body that triggers the digestion process.

Poison And Nervus System

Octopus Physical CharacteristicsAnother gland that they have is to create and hold their venom. That is what they inject into their prey to immobilize it. Without this process, they would have a hard time getting their prey to be still. They rely upon their powerful beak to be able to break the shells of their prey. When they can’t, they have a very powerful sucking ability to take it out of the shell.

Octopus Intelligence – Read Or Listen To The Article Click Here

The nervous system for an Octopus is controlled by the brain, and it is very complex in nature. What is very interesting is that they don’t have any organs for hearing. Octopus is an animal that is deaf. They have a sac where the ink is produced when they need to release it and escape from danger.

There is actually a gland in the body that creates it. The amount of ink depends on the species of Octopus and the overall size of it.

There are several different types of movement that the Octopus is able to enjoy due to their overall anatomy. They are often seen walking around at a leisurely pace. They can also crawl by bending the arms at different angles.

They will swim rapidly to avoid danger or to be able to capture their own prey. They also have jet propulsion when they need to flee due to impending dangers so they can go extremely fast.

The vision for an Octopus is very good and they use it to help them move around in the water. They also rely upon their sight to keep a good lookout for various types of predators.

Octopus Feeding Read Or Listen To The Article Click Here

Octopus Habitat Read Or Listen To The Article Click Here.

Octopus Reproduction Read Or Listen To The Article Click Here.

Octopus SensesRead Or Listen To The Article Click Here.

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Content Please help us share knowledge about the octopus. Knowledge creates awareness about the astonishing wildlife around us. Leave a comment or a link to your favorite Octopus video or story.
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Octopus Defenses

Octopus Abilities

The Octopus has an amazing body design. They are able to defend themselves in a variety of ways. The most common is flight since they can use jet propulsion to quickly move through the water. Their flexible body has no bones so they can escape into small cracks, rocks, crevices, and even into bottles and cans that have found their way into the bottom of the water.Common Octopus Copia

The Octopus is well known for the ability to release a dark ink substance from glands in the body. When they experience stressful situations they will release this type of ink in order to disorient their predators. The ink reduces vision and the ability to smell. This leaves the predator confused and disoriented while the Octopus makes its rapid getaway.

Mimic Octopus – Read Or Listen To The Article Click Here

Powerful Venom

The bite from an Octopus has a very powerful venom in it. This is how they are able to paralyze their prey while they consume them. This venom is generally not harmful to humans. There are only one species that has a powerful enough venom to kill a person. That is the Blue Ring Octopus. Actually, it can kill 26 full-grown men, in minutes.

Their ability to change colors due to control over their pigmentation is very important. They are able to blend into their surroundings this way. Both humans and predators in the water can go right by them without ever seeing them. In simple terms, they are able to hide right there in plain sight.

Seven-Arm Octopus – Read Or Listen To The Article Click Here

They can make that color change very rapidly, and that does help them to get away from predators. When they release ink they may only have a minute or two before they are pursued. By blending into the surroundings thug the predator will likely go right by them and find something else to make a meal out of.

Mimic Octopus Bernd CopiaFor the Mimic Octopus, their defense mechanisms goes even further than that. It allows them to take on the coloring and the design of about 15 different types of animals. They will move in the water acting like eels, starfish, and more in order to stay away from predators. They will use this defense to also allow them to get very close to the food they wish to consume. In such a form they aren’t viewed as a threat until it is too late.

By nature, they are very fierce when it comes to defending their eggs from predators. Some species of females lay them in the coral reefs or well-hidden crevices. Others carry them safely under their arms until they are ready to hatch. They will spend so much time protecting their young that they forget about their own basic needs such as eating. Their bodies are designed for them to do all they can to ensure that as many of them are able to hatch as possible.

Octopus Predators – Read Or Listen To The Article Click Here.

The design of the body for the Octopus is one that allows them to have various ways to defend themselves. Sometimes they are captured by prey by an arm or two and that would seem like the end of the road for them. Yet they are able to instinctively allow those arms to be pulled off and they swim away at top speed. In a short period of time, those arms will grow back. This type of defense mechanism is very fascinating and it works for all species of Octopus.

What is also amazing is that they seem to be able to adapt to their various environmental changes. With that, they end up finding creative ways to protect themselves. They will do all they can to defend themselves though. Any predator going after an Octopus better be up to a fight. That is why they generally leave the larger species alone.

The Octopus – Amazing Features  – Read Or Listen To The Article Click Here
Three hearts, a massive brain, and blue blood, they navigate unlike anything else. The earliest octopus fossil is Pohlsepia, which swam the oceans 296 million years ago.

Please help us share knowledge about Octopuses.

Knowledge creates awareness about the astonishing wildlife around us.

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